What is Coriander? Coriander stands as an aromatic herb flaunting delicate, intricate leaves and a distinctive pungent fragrance. It holds its place within the apiaceae family, often referred to as the carrot family, which encompasses plants like celery, parsley, cumin, parsnip, and carrot. This herb traces its origins back to the Mediterranean and Asia Minor (Turkey) regions.
Widely known as “Hara Dhaniya” in the Indian Subcontinent and “Cilantro” in the Americas and parts of Europe, Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) plays a prominent role globally as a condiment, garnish, or culinary ornament. Both its leaves and fruits carry a distinct and pleasant scent, often utilized in raw or dried forms for cooking purposes.
Yet, its significance transcends culinary applications. Often overlooked, coriander harbors a plethora of potential health benefits that remain unnoticed as its remnants are discarded post-meal. This herb boasts eleven essential oil components, an array of acids (including the familiar ascorbic acid, or vitamin C), assorted minerals, and vitamins, each delivering a host of advantageous properties.
Health Advantages of Coriander:
- Skin Wellness: Coriander’s disinfectant, detoxifying, antiseptic, antifungal, and antioxidant attributes offer relief from skin issues like eczema, dryness, and fungal infections.
- Cholesterol Management: Coriander aids in reducing the deposition of bad cholesterol (LDL) within arteries and veins, a factor contributing to serious cardiovascular conditions such as atherosclerosis, heart attacks, and strokes.
- Bone Health: With its rich calcium content, coriander proves beneficial for maintaining robust bone integrity.
- Menstrual Support: Cilantro acts as a natural stimulant, regulating endocrine gland secretions. This hormonal influence contributes to balanced menstrual cycles and reduced associated discomfort.
- Antioxidant Richness: Packed with antioxidants, vitamin A, vitamin C, and minerals like phosphorus, coriander aids in preventing vision disorders, macular degeneration, and eye strain.